In a blog post earlier this year, I asked the question What’s that Fiber? I provided a brief list of different fibers, then a slightly more thorough detailing of the three different weaving techniques most commonly used. I’m going to write a (long) series of posts describing what specifically each weave is. The three weaves are Plain, Twill, Satin. But there is TREMENDOUS variety within those three categories. So what’s in a weave?
Just in a silk fiber, plain weaving is used to create Batiste de Soie, Broadcloth, Chiffon, China Silk, Cloque, Crepe, Crepe de Chine, Dupioni, Four Ply, Georgette, Habotai, Matka, Noil, Organza, Peau de Soie, Pongee, Shantung, Taffeta, and Shot Silk. Seriously! All of those DIFFERENT fabrics utilize a plain weave to create different drape, different hand, different look. Which says remarkable things about the ingenuity of Man. And none of that includes weaves that are specific to cotton, wool, or linen!
Utilizing a Twill weaving technique creates Gabardine, Surah, and Tweed. Satin is it’s own weave, but you use satin techniques to create brocade, charmeuse, damask, and matelasse. And silk can be knitted!
Plain weave, as defined by The Fairchild Books Dictionary of Textiles 8th Edition, is as follows:
Simplest and most important of the three basic weaves, used in about 80% of all woven fabric…is executed by passing each filling yarn successively over and under each warp yarn, alternating each row (p. 463).
EIGHTY PERCENT OF ALL WOVEN FABRICS! That’s a pretty big number! Also means the variety found in plain weaving is a result of thread spin, and treatment.
Twill’s, according to Fairchild, are “A basic weave characterized by a diagonal rib, or twill line, generally running upward from left to right…Each end floats over or under at least two consecutive picks (p. 643).
The third most common weave is Satin. From Fairchild, “A smooth, generally lustrous fabric, with a thick, close texture made of silk…Generally, there is a higher number of yarns on the face than the back (p. 531). With Satin, the face of the fabric is very smooth and lustrous, while the back is dull with no shine. A blown up line drawing of a warp faced satin would look like this:
So that’s a little better explanation of what’s in a weave. Future posts will go in to each particular weave and explain the differences between china silk and batiste de soie, chiffon and organza.
Until next time…
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